In the emergency room, heart attacks can be both over and under diagnosed. About 10% of heart attacks are over diagnosed and an equivalent number can be missed as the ECG can be normal in the first six hours after a heart attack. Most heart attacks occur during winter all over the world including India. Missing heart attacks during this period in the early hours of the morning can lead to spurts in number of cases of sudden cardiac death. Moreover, most senior doctors maybe on vacation during Christmas further worsening the situation for the common man. Every effort should be taken to reduce the number of false positive or false negative diagnosis of heart attack.” Men and women have about the same adjusted in-hospital death rate for heart attack — but women are more likely to die if hospitalized for a more severe type of heart attack.Adding further, Dr Aggarwal, Group Editor-in-Chief of IJCP, said, “As doctors, it falls upon us to educate our patients and make them aware of ways to live a healthy lifestyle to reduce the burden of disease in older age. I teach my patients the Formula of 80 to live up to the age of 80 years.Related StoriesWeightlifting is better for the heart than cardioCutting around 300 calories a day protects the heart even in svelte adultsRNA-binding protein SRSF3 appears to be key factor for proper heart contraction, survival• Keep lower blood pressure, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) ‘bad’ cholesterol, fasting sugar, resting heart rate and abdominal girth all below 80.• Keep kidney and lung functions >80%.• Engage in recommended amounts of physical activity (minimum 80 min of moderately strenuous exercise per week). Walk 80 min a day, brisk walk 80 min/week with a speed of at least 80 steps per min.• Eat less and not >80 gm or mL of caloric food each meal.• Observe cereal fast 80 days a year.• Do 80 cycles of parasympathetic breathing (pranayama) a day with a speed of 4/min.• Do not smoke or be ready to spend Rs 80,000/- for treatment.• Those who drink but do not want to stop and there is no contraindication, limit alcohol intake to no >80 mL/day for men (50% for women) or 80 gm/week. 10 gm of alcohol is present in 30 mL or 1 oz of 80 proof liquor.• Do not take >80 mL of soft drink at one go (dilute it to 200 mL by adding soda).• Take 80 mg of aspirin, if prescribed, for prevention.• Take 80 mg atorvastatin for prevention, when prescribed.• Keep noise levels below 80 dB.• Keep particulate matter PM 2.5 and PM 10 levels below 80 mcg per cubic meter.• Expose yourself 80 days in a year in sunlight to get vitamin D.• Achieve 80% of target heart rate when doing heart conditioning exercise.• Get 80% immunity by taking Flu and pneumonia vaccine. Dec 27 2018Eating healthy and not stopping physical activity should be the normAccording to a new study, Christmas Eve is one of the most dangerous times of the year for the heart. It has indicated that a person’s risk for heart attack reaches its peak around late night a day before Christmas. Christmas Eve is a time to cheer; people tend to consume excessive food, alcohol, and travel long distances, all of which may up the risk of heart attack. Emotional distress with acute experience of anger, anxiety, sadness, grief, and stress, too, increases the risk of a heart attack.Food of animal origin and saturated foods contain cholesterol. A 1% rise in cholesterol raises the chances of heart attack by 2%. Heart patients should therefore avoid eating cakes during the Christmas and New Year Season. They should distribute fruits and dry fruits instead of cakes.Speaking about this, Padma Shri Awardee, Dr KK Aggarwal, President, HCFI, said: Source:firstname.lastname@example.org
Christopher Lorenz is the co-founder of Soma Analytics, a UK-based start-up company that has made a smartphone app that detects people’s stress levels by measuring their sleep and speech and intervenes when they get too high.”It’s a comprehensive system that contains both a measurement component and an interventive component, and it’s all done on a smartphone … the most common and ubiquitous delivery channel available today,” Lorenz explained. A mathematician by training, Lorenz created the app with his co-founders after witnessing a friend’s depressive episode.Stress weighs heavily on firms located in Europe. In 2013, the costs of work-related stressand depression in EU countries was estimated to be €617 billion annually, taking into account costs to employers resulting from absenteeism (€272 billion), loss of productivity (€242 billion), healthcare costs (€63 billion) and social welfare costs (€39 billion).Soma Analytics commissioned a survey which found that among FTSE 100 companies, companies that mentioned mental health in their annual reports generated up to three times more profit than those who didn’t. Lorenz says that shows how tackling stress can be a boon for both individuals and organisations.The app, which has been developed with support from the EU, approaches the problem by two means. The first is a sleep tracker which uses smartphone acceleration sensors to monitor body movement and sleep stages, which have a high validity of being a predictor for stress and wellbeing.”When we are stressed, one of the first thing that changes is sleep – it’s more difficult to fall asleep, to wind down, and we don’t sleep as soundly,” Lorenz said.Personalised tasksThe app also uses questionnaires to gather data about users, and uses artificial intelligence and machine learning. When the app detects things aren’t quite as they should be, it can recommend personalised tasks to improve wellbeing, such as exercises to improve focus or ways to work on time management. Provided by Horizon: The EU Research & Innovation Magazine A sleep tracker uses smartphone acceleration sensors to monitor body movement and sleep stages – good predictors for stress and wellbeing. Credit: Pixabay/ StockSnap Relax or learn? Coping with stress at work The more data Soma Analytics gets, the better the recommendations become. Taken in aggregate, that data can help companies improve their policies and employee morale by allowing them get an overview of their own employees who use the app.”Organisations today really don’t know how well their employees are, or how their employees feel. Management decisions aren’t based on data,” Lorenz said.If the idea of sharing your sleep habits with your boss gives you pause, Lorenz says the benefits outweigh any potential worry.”We are very careful and have very strong safeguards in place to maintain the privacy of users,” he said, noting that the company has devoted the best part of a year to making sure data collected was fully anonymised and that companies couldn’t get a peek.”It’s often not really privacy that’s the concern, the concern is around trust. Do I trust my employer enough that I can tell them I’m feeling stressed?” he said.The next step is a randomised controlled trial to validate the app’s effectiveness.RelaxationOne limitation with offering recommendations to stressed people is that it is up to them to put the advice into action. In Spain, scientists have designed a device that helps people to effectively carry out one proven anti-stress measure – breathing exercises.Dr. Ignacio Ventura is co-founder of wellness company Oblow in Pamplona, Spain, which has created a device that can show employees how to perform breathing techniques using light sensors.”As a doctor highly specialised in stress, I had the chance … during my 40-year career to see all manner of positive and negative factors that increase or decrease the level of stress in humans,” he explained.Breathing, he says, reduces stress by stimulating the parasympathetic nervous system responsible for relaxation.”By breathing properly, preferably abdominally, the diaphragm is mobilised which in turn stimulates the parasympathetic autonomic nervous system,” Dr. Ventura said.The new device, which has been developed with the help of EU funding, works by guiding users to breathe in the correct rhythm to induce relaxation and reduce tension. Lights on the device provide a visual guide for proper breathing technique, and help the user to focus on the machine and away from their own thoughts.”It should be noted that the main stressor for humans it actually their own negative thinking,” said Dr. Ventura.His team tested the product with a sample of 200 people of different ages and physical and social backgrounds with help from researchers at the Public University of Navarra, also in Spain.Now, they have finished building a final prototype and are looking to find a manufacturer to commercialise it. They have also developed a corresponding app.”We are currently studying costs and the numbers of devices to be produced,” Dr. Ventura said. “This obviously depends on investors and the expectations of the market. But we are confident this year that we will obtain the required funds to initiate the production on a reasonable level.” European businesses lose hundreds of work hours each year to stress-related absences, but an app that monitors stress levels and a device to teach relaxation exercises could help provide an answer. Citation: Your phone may soon know when you’re stressed – and help you cope (2018, January 24) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-01-youre-stressed-cope.html Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
A connected robot reaches for a colander in Bilge Mutlu’s UW–Madison lab, where studies have made robots better at working with remote human controllers. Credit: Bilge Mutlu This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further Developing robots that can teach humans Citation: Sharing control with robots may make manufacturing safer, more efficient (2019, July 4) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-07-robots-safer-efficient.html Hulking robots common to assembly line manufacturing tend to be loners. They often cut, bend and weld metal inside cages and behind barriers meant to safely separate them from human workers. “We identified a number of processes in aircraft manufacturing where this shared control could help,” Mutlu says. “Take riveting. There are thousands and thousands of rivets that have to be banged in there to join the metal of an airplane together. That’s hard, repetitive work.”Making composite materials, sanding metal, painting and fitting parts together in confined spaces are other steps in the plane construction process that get safer by moving the relatively fragile human body slightly farther away from the action. Shared control of a robot could make that happen without also removing the human aircraft builder’s skills.”We’re keeping the operator’s expertise, their knowledge of the nuances of the process, in the equation,” Mutlu says. “They can direct the action without being involved manually, and the process gets more ergonomic and efficient.”Over the next three years, Mutlu hopes the collaboration with Boeing will move a new robot manufacturing platform from Madison to the Boeing laboratories, where it will be further developed for the production floor and then to worldwide use.”As we’re building it, we’re going to do a lot of testing here in our lab,” he says. “Eventually we want to take it to Boeing and actually demonstrate it there. And a mature, federally funded system that works could be used by anyone in aviation manufacturing.” Researchers in Bilge Mutlu’s UW–Madison lab work with a robot arm and camera to manipulate objects. Support from NASA could bring similar systems to work in aeronautics manufacturing. Credit: Bilge Mutlu Provided by University of Wisconsin-Madison With that core technology and a $3 million grant from NASA Aeronautics, the UW–Madison group—which includes Gleicher, mechanical engineering Professor Michael Zinn and industrial and systems engineering Professor Robert Radwin—will adapt robots to some of the specific types of manufacturing work that piece together a Boeing airliner. “For a long time, the best factory robot has been one that you set up, and you don’t touch for two years. It does the same thing over and over, unchanged, a million times,” says Bilge Mutlu, a University of Wisconsin–Madison professor of computer science, industrial engineering and psychology. “But because those robots are built to be very powerful and very accurate, they are also very dangerous for people. You can’t get in its way.”With newly won support from NASA, Mutlu and partners at UW–Madison and Boeing are designing lower-power robots that can handle a wider range of less-rigidly defined tasks by working more collaboratively with a human operator.The UW researchers have focused on “shared control,” in which a human wired with sensors and controls guides a robot’s arms through the course of a task like sorting objects or mixing ingredients according to a recipe. Even new users are able to operate these robots effectively, because the robots step in to help by applying things they’ve been taught about the way humans deftly coordinate the movement of two arms and hands to corral and lift and pass objects.Mutlu, graduate student Daniel Rakita and computer sciences Professor Michael Gleicher have also published methods for deploying robot-controlled cameras to give the human operator—”whether they’re standing a few feet away or they’re in Houston and the robot is on a space station,” Mutlu says—the best view of the workspace, tools, materials and the robot’s hands.