The Impact of Open Source Software in the Fight against Ebola in Liberia

first_imgOver the years there have been several discussions and literature over the impact of open source software (OSS) on economic development. Countries, international organizations including the United Nations, the USAID, the British DFID, have all touted the benefits of open source software on economic development, especially on developing countries. Yet, in Liberia, the discourse has not been as ubiquitous and widely embraced as it has been in other countries or in the literature. While open source software has made some progress in permeating the Liberian society over the years (Mozilla Firefox, Apache Webserver, PHP, Java, MySQL), its impact has not been felt as much as it has been in recent times.The current Ebola Virus Disease epidemic has not only exposed many of the challenges the country faces, it has also kindled new opportunities for economic development. One of those opportunities is the adoption and integration of open source software in the Liberian society in a more robust way to allow innovation and competition. In the past, we have spent scarce and limited resources on proprietary software to develop and maintain a digital platform. That approach has obviously hindered the development of the ICT sector especially, the development of a software industry, because proprietary software does not allow the type of innovation that open source software allows. Moreover, the cost of maintaining proprietary software-based platforms is extremely prohibitive and one of the many reasons why IT/ICT systems and projects in Liberia have failed or cannot be sustained. The current Ebola epidemic has shown that there is a critical need to establish a more robust communications and data collection system between health workers and other stakeholders. Equipping health workers with the right kind of information about the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease will enable them to support their communities to fight back against epidemic diseases. This requires robust IT/ICT systems that are likely to cost a lot if proprietary software becomes the solution, hence the ubiquitous utilization of open source software by various countries and international organizations to help fight the Ebola virus outbreak. This massive, efficient, and effective use of open source software to fight the Ebola virus disease further confirms that development in African countries as well as other developing countries cannot occur in the absence of open source software.In finding the cheapest, fastest and most efficient ways to track the Ebola virus and disseminate information among health workers, international organizations, and the Liberian public, a plethora of open source software have been deployed. Below I list and briefly discuss a few.  DHIS 2: DHIS 2 is a flexible, web-based, free and open-source software released under the liberal BSD license. Developed in Java, DHIS 2 runs on any platform with a JRE 7 installed. It also follows HTML 5 standards and is typically used as national health information systems for data management and analysis purposes. DHIS 2 is also used for health program monitoring and evaluation, facility registries and service availability mapping, for logistics management and for mobile tracking of pregnant mothers in rural communities.FormHub is a free and open source software that allows mobile data collection. It was created to provide NGOs and local communities with the tools to better collect data. FormHub’s powerful APIs (Application Programming Interfaces) make integration with external services simple. It was previously introduced in Liberia a while ago, through training by members of Modi Lab to prepare key energy and data specialists from the Liberian energy sector in the use of mobile rapid data-gathering tools, to estimate the urban and rural energy demand in the country.RapidPro: UNICEF recently (September 22) , “launched RapidPro, an open-source platform of applications that can help governments deliver rapid and vital real-time information and connect communities to lifesaving services.” The platform was produced by UNICEF’s global Innovations Labs in collaboration with a Rwandan software development firm known as Nyuruka. RapidPro is already being used in several countries, including Liberia.mHero: UNICEF  in recent times has been working with the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare of Liberia  to launch mHero (Mobile Health Worker Ebola Response and Outreach), which is an application available on RapidPro. mHero reports “new cases; broadcast messages about care and prevention; share training information; and allow for real-time coordination between the Ministry and the health workers.”.iHRIS: iHRIS developed by a firm known as IntraHealth, is a suite of free and open source software applications that help countries around the world to gather and manage their own workforce data. It interoperates with other health information systems that are already in wide use across West Africa, such as OpenMRS and DHIS 2. iHRIS can help government officials and clinic workers easily find, share, manage, and update personnel files, including mobile phone numbers. In 2013, Liberia’s Ministry of Health and Social Welfare began implementing iHRIS.I-RAMP: In recent times, the I-RAMP developed by Liberians in Liberia, for Liberians, and based on open source software tools, made its debut.Epi Info: Epi Info has been made freely available since the 1990s by the CDC.Epi Info VHS: The Center of Disease Control (CDC) is utilizing a new tool known as the Epi Info Viral Hemorrhagic Fever application (Epi Info VHF), to help locate people exposed to the deadly virus in a faster way. Epi Info VHF is an open-source program that runs on the Epi Info software platform.EpiCollect is a free (open source) web and mobile app for the generation of forms (questionnaires) and freely hosted project websites for data collection. Recently, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) provided a two-day training in the use of the EpiCollect data collection and storage technology for the Government of Liberia through the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (MoH).HeathMap: HealthMap is a tool (open source) that monitors and aggregates data from numerous online sources worldwide including social media on topics related to public health threats. It crunches and analyses this data and provides real-time updates on health threats, anything from West Nile Virus and rabies, to E. coli and Ebola.Over the years, when one mentioned the use of open source software as a solution (be it for business, government or academia) in Liberia, many, especially those who were schooled in Windows-based software, would argue that open source software was not a good solution. This argument according to them was based on several myths about open source software.  On a personal note, many of my colleagues think my advocacy of open source software adoption in Liberia is because it’s my research focus. But the fact is, I have seen the progress/innovation that open source software can bring and how it sustains ICT infrastructures and platforms, as compared to proprietary software. Take a look at the USA government, the British, French, Canadian, Chinese and in Africa, South Africa, Kenya, etc., and understand the impact that open source software or its development paradigm has had on those nations.Finally, had it not been for open source software, (Linux, Apache, Java, PHP, MySQL), its paradigms and philosophy, we may not have achieved all (the Internet, social media, etc) that we have achieved in this information age. New software would not have emerged as quickly and of good quality, as we see today if we were still stuck with the proprietary approach to developing software. Hence, I can argue that the success and sustainability of ICT systems/projects in Liberia demand wide and robust integration of open source software and encouragement on the part of stakeholders and decision makers for its adoption as well. Proprietary software which was hitherto the Ebola epidemic, the “de facto” choice of software in Liberia, does not allow innovation. Worst of all, its prohibitive costs do not ensure sustainability because a country like Liberia cannot afford to pay thousands of dollars in licensing fees when basic necessities are lacking.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Antonio wants Wi-Fi free throughout L.A.

first_imgHoping to offer free high-speed Internet access across Los Angeles, Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa introduced a plan Tuesday to create what would be the nation’s single-largest citywide wireless network. Villaraigosa’s plan calls for the city to hire a technology expert to work with the private sector to develop a massive Wi-Fi network that would allow people with wireless-equipped laptops and other devices to surf the Web without having to plug into a phone line. The service would be free throughout the city, although users who want a faster connection could pay for speedier service. “By giving every resident high-speed access, we will transform Los Angeles into a cutting-edge city across every neighborhood and every economic sector,” Villaraigosa said. Wi-Fi, short for wireless fidelity, sends data over radio waves through a network of transmitters. Communities across the country have rushed to try to build such networks. Even as Villaraigosa was announcing his effort, Houston officials disclosed a deal with EarthLink to build a citywide wireless Internet network that would eclipse L.A.’s. More than 200 communities across the country have undertaken some form of wireless access for residents. Still, many efforts remain limited to isolated and experimental areas. Some plans, as in San Francisco, have run into contract disputes. kerry.cavanaugh@ (213) 978-0390160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!last_img read more

Canadians continue debating over refugee crisis

first_imgThe cross-country debate continues over the appropriate reaction to the Syrian refugee crisis, with those supporting the Trudeau government plan to accept up to 25,000 displaced persons by the end of the year from the civil war torn country, arguing — even though it’s also home base for the ISIS terrorist group — as a nation of tolerance, Canada has a duty to do so.However, there are also those who believe accepting refugees from a region full of people essentially sworn to destroy everyone who doesn’t agree with their narrow ideology — at a time when they’re engaged in mass murder and beheadings and there’s growing evidence they’re already infiltrating refugee groups — is insane.Fort St. John is one area of the country where online petitions are circulating, and by midday yesterday it had a support total of more than 1,000 behind the call for voters in this region to have the final say in a referendum.- Advertisement -It has been sent to Peace River North MLA, Pat Pimm, and Prince George-Peace River-Northern Rockies MP, Bob Zimmer:At last word, Saskatchewan Premier Brad Wall was calling on the federal government to suspend the 25,000 person plan, arguing it could ‘severely undermine the refugee screening process.’Meantime, Christy Clark was offering a somewhat more measured response, as Premier of BC:Advertisement Alberta’s Rachel Notley said her province is ready to accept up to three thousand suggesting, “We need to move forward on the basis of humanity and not fear.”last_img read more

Plateau down Ugari to win Nyanza Girls Chapa Dimba Na Safaricom

first_img0Shares0000Plateau Queens beat Ugari Starlets 1-0 to win Girls Nyanza Region Chapa Dimba Na Safaricom. Photo/GERALD ANDERSONKISII, Kenya, Dec 10 – A first half header from Margaret Atieno sent Plateau Queens to the nationals of the Chapa Dimba Na Safaricom after the Nyando based side beat Ugari Starlets from Migori 1-0 in the Nyanza Region Girls finals played at the Gusii Stadium on Sunday.Atieno scored the winner for Plateau Queens in the 41st minute after nodding home a well curled corner from Beverline Achieng. This is after the first corner was parried over by the Ugari custodian Rose Otieno. Plateau, who eliminated Omobera Girls from Nyamira 4-1, were the better side in the opening half, forcing the Ugari keeper Rose Atieno to come off the line and clear the danger for throwing at the half hour mark.Ugari’s Emmah Okwoyo gave the Plateau wingers a hard time on the right, but her efforts met a solid defence that denied her the breakthrough.Margaret Atieno from Plateau past a Ugari player during the Girls final in the Nyanza Chapa Dimba Na Safaricom at the Gusii Stadium on 10th December 2017. Photo/GERALD ANDERSONMargaret Atieno missed a number of chances for Plateau with the first opportunity seeing her feeble shot easily collected by the Ugari keeper in the 33 rd minute.Atieno was at it four minutes later when she did well to sweep the entire defence but her finish was poor, blasting over with only the keeper to beat.The pressure was eased with only four minutes to the break when Ugari conceded two successive corners, both taken by Achieng, seeing the first parried over by the keeper but she could not manage to save the second that was powerfully headed home by Atieno.Ugari player with a kick during the Girls Chapa Dimba Na Safaricom Nyanza final played at the Gusii Stadium on 10th December 2017. Photo/GERALD ANDERSONUgari, who edged out Ekenyoro 2-1 in the semis, returned stronger in the second half with Mary Isuza rattling the woodwork in the 56th minute from a fine free-kick at the edge of the box.Ugari pressed more in search of the equaliser but Plateau keeper Judith Osimbo who plays for Harambee Starlets U20 collaborated well with his tight defence to ensure they kept the clean sheet to be crowned the Nyanza champions.Plateau, comprising of players from Nyakach Girls will be hoping to win the nationals scheduled for March 2018 in Nairobi that will see them win Sh1mn and earn a fully paid trip to London and meet the Chapa Dimba Na Safaricom ambassador, Harambee Stars captain and Tottenham midfielder Victor Wanyama.0Shares0000(Visited 2 times, 1 visits today)last_img read more

Let markets deal with subprime `meltdown’

first_imgOur catastrophe-obsessed traditional media call it the subprime mortgage “crisis” or “meltdown.” Here’s what happened: Borrowers with shaky creditworthiness received low interest “teaser” rates. No problem, as long as housing prices continue to rise. But with house prices stagnating, if not declining, this places some borrowers and the holders of their “paper” on financial shaky ground. In other words, lenders lent and borrowers borrowed. Some borrowers took on debt only to find themselves unable to pay their mortgages, and the carriers of their debt now find their holdings less valuable. But what about the responsibility of both lender and borrower? The Media Research Center examined news coverage of the subprime “crisis.” Of 156 stories broadcast between November 2006 and August 2007, 62percent “ignored the consumer’s responsibility for debt.” No one put a gun to either lenders’ or borrowers’ heads, and now both sides of the transaction find themselves in financial difficulty. Lawmakers scream for more laws. Never mind lenders already operate under many regulations including, but not limited to, full disclosure requirements. “If a large group of people can’t pay their mortgages, they may lose their homes. But the banks don’t suffer as they used to – local American lenders have already converted those loans into cash and sold off their risk. In fact, German regional banks suffered some of the most significant losses from bad American mortgages. Other European and Asian banks and hedge funds took their lumps as well. American banks essentially bought insurance by exporting their risk overseas.” Let’s not minimize the trouble faced by thinly collateralized borrowers and their lenders, given the soft housing market. But the financial difficulties affecting both sides of transactions voluntarily entered into do not warrant a taxpayer bailout. U.S. homeowners’ equity today equals almost $11trillion. Price declines for this year and next year may amount to $6 billion, or a 0.05percent decline – a worry, but hardly Judgment Day. Christopher Cagan, of First American Real Estate Solutions, estimates that “the impact of rate sensitivity and subsequent defaults will be well below one-half percent of total mortgage debt outstanding” and spread out over several years. Donald Trump, who knows a bit about crisis management, having dealt with his own financial “meltdown,” suggested a simple, direct approach: Cut a deal with your lender. Similarly, Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson has already urged banks and borrowers to get together and renegotiate the terms of their loans. So what would a bailout say to those who avoided the subprime lending fervor? The Wall Street Journal reports that unlike Citigroup and Merrill Lynch, Goldman Sachs “maintain(ed) relatively small holdings of collateralized debt obligations, or CDOs, the complex mortgage-related securities whose rapid devaluation prompted the massive write-downs at other firms.” Should government reward the shortsighted losers and, by extension, punish firms such as Goldman Sachs and Lehman Brothers that had the foresight to protect themselves? People in the insurance business use a term called “moral hazard.” This means actions, however well-intended, that shield people from the consequences of their behavior lead to even more irresponsible behavior. Secretary Paulson recently said, “I have no interest in bailing out lenders or property speculators.” OK, then butt out! Larry Elder is an attorney, syndicated columnist and national radio talk-show host. He can be heard from 3 to 6p.m. Monday through Friday on KABC-AM 790 (e-mail: 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREWhicker: Clemson demonstrates that it’s tough to knock out the champDemocrats, and many Republicans, cry for some sort of government (read “taxpayer”) bailout. A New York Times editorial demands legislation, “including a rule that lenders must verify a borrower’s ability to pay.” House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., and Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, D-Nev., seek legislation to make Federal Housing Authority “loans more widely available in order to help both new homeowners and those struggling with abusive mortgages.” They also demanded that President Bush fund nonprofit foreclosure prevention counseling, and appoint a senior administration official to oversee federal response to the “crisis.” Instead, the president has offered a sort of middle ground, suggesting a five-year freeze on mortgage rates for some subprime borrowers facing default on their mortgages. Suppose you stayed on the sideline and rented or stayed in a smaller home in order to move up? Too bad, for the Bush plan artificially props up home prices. The president’s plan also enables some homeowners to receive Federal Housing Authority loans in which the government – taxpayers – pay lenders in the event of a default. The plan also does nothing to prevent lawsuits by investors who hold the mortgaged securities in expectation of a certain return. George Mason University economist Tyler Cowen says, “We’ve all heard about the defaults on subprime mortgage loans. But so far, the real story is how little the broader American economy has suffered. Today, banks usually sell their loans to third parties. You might have originally borrowed money from Wells Fargo, but now a bank overseas cashes your mortgage checks. last_img read more

Iran, Europe talks radiate possibilities

first_img 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORECasino Insider: Here’s a look at San Manuel’s new high limit rooms, Asian restaurant German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier said the meeting ended “without achieving a result.” But diplomats familiar with the talks told The Associated Press that after months of deadlock, the two sides explored plans that essentially would allow Iran small-scale enrichment after reimposing its freeze for an undefined period to rebuild international trust. VIENNA, Austria – Iran and the European Union inched toward a possible compromise Friday that diplomats said would allow Tehran to run a scaled-down uranium enrichment program despite its potential for misuse in building atomic weapons. The meeting Friday ended without agreement, but the discussions were significant because the Europeans and the United States have for years opposed allowing Iran any kind of enrichment capability – a stance that Russia, China and other influential nations have also embraced. Top European officials publicly described the talks in Vienna as failed because of Tehran’s refusal to reimpose a freeze on enrichment. The board of the International Atomic Energy Agency is to revisit the issue beginning Monday. “Unfortunately we were not able to reach an agreement,” French Foreign Minister Philippe Douste-Blazy told reporters, saying the EU continued to demand “full and complete suspension” of uranium enrichment and related activities that have fed fears Iran may be pursuing nuclear arms. last_img read more

Man attacked heart patient after ongoing row over dog poo

first_imgA man has been fined after attacking a heart patient in a row over dog poo.Trevor Orr appeared at Falcarragh District Court charged with attacking Don Mooney at his home in Ramelton, Co Donegal on February 2nd, 2017. The court heard there had been bad blood between the pair amidst claims that the accused man’s brother Michael had washed dog poo into the yard of Mr Mooney.Mr Mooney told how he left his home to visit his father but returned as he forgot his keys and found both Orr and his brother Michael on his property.He told them to get off his land and Michael Orr pulled away his brother but Trevor struck out and struck Mr Money in the chest.He called the Gardai and then an ambulance as he was a heart patient and had undergone extensive treatment for the past fifteen years.He said that while in the ambulance he passed out and was admitted to Letterkenny University Hospital but was released later that day.Victim Don Mooney was attacked. Pic by Northwest Newspix.Mr Mooney’s daughter Kim took pictures which showed severe bruising on her father’s chest.However, solicitor for Orr, Mr Frank Dorrian, said there had been no mention of the bruising in the medical report.Mr Mooney told Judge Paul Kelly that there had been an ongoing disagreement between himself and Michael Orr after he allegedly washed dog poo down onto his property.Both the environmental health section of the local council and the Gardai had been made aware of this.Mr Mooney said “I’ve more to be bothered with keeping healthy. I just want an easy life and to be left alone. I’m not going to let people wash dog excrement onto my street which I keep very tidy,” he said.The court was told that Mooney’s partner is a sister of the Orr brothers.Both Michael and Trevor Orr took to the witness stand but both emphatically denied that any such incident had taken place at all.They admitted that there had been ongoing tensions between the two parties but said no assault had ever taken place.Judge Kelly said the combination of all the evidence was sufficient to prove the events.On the matter of the bruising to Mr Mooney, Judge Kelly said that it is often the case that bruising does not appear for hours or even days after an event.He found Orr, a 43-year-old baker from Leitir, Kilmacrennan, guilty of assault causing harm and fined him €250.Man attacked heart patient after ongoing row over dog poo was last modified: April 18th, 2019 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Don MooneydonegalkilmacrennanRameltonTrevor Orrlast_img read more


first_imgHE may be a Glaswegian but Frankie Boyle will be shouting for Donegal during Sunday’s All-Ireland final clash with Cork at Croke Park.The controversial comedian sent a tweet earlier today wishing Paddy McBrearty and the Donegal team the best for the match.And earlier today he also tweeted: “I love Donegal. Who wants to go halfers on this?” The tweet included a link to this €25,000 property in Loughanure!COUNTDOWN TO CROKER: COMEDIAN FRANKIE BOYLE GETS BEHIND DONEGAL was last modified: August 25th, 2012 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:COUNTDOWN TO CROKER: COMEDIAN FRANKIE BOYLE GETS BEHIND DONEGALlast_img read more


first_imgDonegal Daily are giving away two match tickets to the Ulster semi-final clash between Donegal and Monaghan.Last week, the two teams battled for 70+ minutes but they couldn’t be separated when the referee blew the full time whistle after a late equailiser from in form Conor McManus.The ball throws in between these two giants of Ulster football at 7pm in Breffni Park, Cavan in what will be another classic and Donegal Daily are giving you the chance to be there. Simply like our Facebook page and comment your score to be in with a chance of winning thee 2 match tickets i.e. you don’t need to get all the questions correct to win the prize.Have a go at Donegal Daily’s quiz about Donegal GAA and you could be heading for Cavan on Saturday to hopefully see Donegal overcome rivals Monaghan.[os-widget path=”/dd92/how-well-do-you-know-donegal-gaa” of=”dd92″ comments=”false” width=”600″]GIVEAWAY: COMPLETE THE QUIZ TO BE IN WITH A CHANCE FOR 2 TICKETS TO THE DONEGAL GAME was last modified: June 30th, 2016 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:donegal daily quizDonegal GAAgiveawaytwo match ticketslast_img read more


first_imgDONEGAL manager Jim McGuinness has described the season as the second best in the history of the county – and vowed to work to break the ‘old school’ in county GAA.He said pundits who had rounded on Donegal had failed to take into account their achievements or put the success of the Ulster Championship and League title into perspective.“We were a team that hadn’t won a game in three or four years in the Ulster Championship and that had to change,” said Jim. “We ended up winning the league and winning the Ulster Championship and that’s the second most successful year in the history of the county. Outside of 1992 it is our most successful year and that’s almost been forgotten about because of the criticism that has come at the team.“The boys have worked tremendously hard this year to get those two medals and that has been a wee bit lost as well.”And he insisted that he had only taken the side to a 60% level – and he was working hard to find the other 40% and take Donegal further.The management team, he said, had worked hard on conditioning, training, tactics, diets and so much more. “We are realistic about where we were 12 months ago and we are realistic about where we are now and where we want to be at the start of the Championship next year,” said McGuinness.Reacting to criticism of the defensive tactics, the Donegal manager said he would work to bring new aspects and skills to the side.“We feel we can do that; that we can improve the team offensively and still maintain our defensive shape. We want to retain that and push forward on the other fronts.“It has annoyed me in the past week the way the players have been criticised. If someone has a problem with Jim McGuinness that’s ok, but I think the things that have been said in the press have been disrespectful to the players.“We will stick together and up the ante in the next couple of months and move forward.” Talking about the counties which have dominated the game, Jim had more interesting comments to make.“We are nine months in the making,” he said.“The Kerry team in the final next week is ten years in the making. That Dublin team is five or six years in the making. We know we are only at this nine months and we knew that and we knew where we were.“The players gave their all and the pundits expect us on the sidelines not to do the same. Well that’s fantasy football. The reality is that we have to win games in order to progress and you can’t get better unless you win. “We’d like to be double (Ulster) champions and our next step has to be to get to an All-Ireland final. If we can do that, the team will evolve and grow.“The players will know then that they are a top team and it will be up to other teams to come and develop tactics to beat us.“We know where we are at and where other teams are at and we are trying to bridge that gap as quickly as possible.“Because the reality is it’s either Cork or Kerry, it’s Galway or Mayo, it’s Dublin or Kildare or Meath and for 13 years (in Ulster) it was either Tyrone or Armagh.“Now we want a piece of that pie; the players worked so hard in the past and got nothing out of it, but now they have an Ulster medal. We will push forward now and try to evolve and make the whole squad more complete.”McGUINNESS: WE ARE BREAKING THE OLD SCHOOL AND BUILDING FOR FUTURE was last modified: September 5th, 2011 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:Donegal GAAdonegaldaily.comJim McGuinnesslast_img read more