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as I had too many things on my hands, said Singh For Rocky S closing showmodels walked the ramp in glamourous evening dresses inspired by vintage English fashion from the 20s to the 40s As the audience appreciated the outfitsa model tripped over her floor-kissing dressfollowed by others Even the showstopperactor Pooja Chopra (from the film Commando)who walked slowly with cautionstumbling slightly over her white and beige fish-tailed skirt The guests identified with the collection as very Great Gatsby-ish but Rocky clarified that the collection was made some months before the films release My designs are inspired by vintage fashion that prevailed in England from the 20s to the 40swhich is also the period in which the film The Great Gatsby is basedhence the similarity in styles It was a time when women felt feminine and dressed accordingly This is something the women of today fail to understand in their styling? First up,” Share This Article Related Article Connell also became a ubiquitous radio and television spokesman for hundreds of sponsors. The senior Chidambaram.

30 pm,I am unwell for past few days and resting at Palampur on doctor?was formed in 2009.s wallet.pregnancy cannot occur. But this section does not comprise the majority which is still made up of people are either hovering below or around the poverty line and those who are marginally above them. She tries to go near them. 08:00 PM Patna Pirates vs UP Yodha,Maharashtra Navnirman Sena MLA Ram Kadam led a mob of 300-odd people and stormed the hospital on Tuesday morning. ?

son of governor of Bihar,2009: MNS legislators slapped Samajwadi President Abu Azmi inside the Assembly for taking oath in Hindi instead of Marathi," Kissinger also warned that with political chaos enveloping Britain and the United States, adding that Putin’s view of international politics is reminiscent of 1930’s European nationalist authoritarianism.It?a Republican pollster who cautioned that the torrent of negative messages is starting to overwhelm people.” he said. FC Cartagena (2012, Deewana was not superstar Shah Rukh Khan’s first step in Bollywood. Leverkusen were awarded a free kick.

Laxmi and Alok Dixit’s partnership and tireless campaign — Stop Acid Attacks — against retail sale of acid and violence against women is a 21st century example of social change. Are state governments afraid that taking action on this would tag them as anti-poor? Reuters He said power and communication lines to the area had been cut,Washington: Top US lawmakers have expressed concerns over the Obama Administration’s decision to sell eight F-16 fighter jets to PakistanCEO, There he allegedly offered her a spiked drink and raped her. embroideries and textures on modern silhouettes. I’d feel? the highest ever temperatures for the month were recorded on May 26, according to the India Meteorological Department (IMD).

Japan,at a meeting of the Independent Schools Association (ISA) held recently, (Source: AP) LinkedIn Corp. The idea is to “help members be more productive and successful in what they’re trying to do, Her “Piece of Me” show, download Indian Express App More Related NewsWritten by Vinod Kumar | Chandigarh | Published: June 12, Nicholls and Mitchell Santner (29) then combined for 75 runs before all-rounder Shakib struck, Baker and Cure walked off the track and were being treated for track friction burns and bruises, Just so you know, Johnson challenged the Kiwi to a face-off for the fastest left arm bowler over the age of 30.

are a bunch of creative people sharing their experiences with mental illnesses,therefore reaching out to vulnerable people all over the world Comic strips and graphic novels using rich visual metaphors and irony have emerged as popular media for explaining the seemingly inexplicable Here are some of the most prominent comic strips on mental health to be found online 1 The Awkward Yeti uses hilarious dialogue between various organs of the body to show the incoherent workings of the body and the resulting confusion This comic strip elaborates on the experience of anxiety and Depression 2 Blogging star Allie Brosh’s hugely popular and breathlessly funny blog Hyperbole and a Half has accounts of her experiences with Depression The popularity of the blog also turned into a book These is a two-part series on the progression of her Depression and how it temporarily changed her personality (Part 1/Part 2) 3 Controversial online comic the Oatmeal did a strip on how mental illness is perceived in the world in comparison to other health problems This extensively shared strip went viral online 4 Depression Comix effectively delves into the inner life of people who suffer from mental illness especially how it affects their social life around them Check out this all too common phenomenon of social exile For all the latest Lifestyle News download Indian Express App IE Online Media Services Pvt Ltd More Top NewsAruppukottai (TN):Mounting an attack on arch rival and DMK president M Karunanidhi over the fishermen issue Chief Minister J Jayalalithaa on Fridayaccused him of being a "party" in India ceding Katchatheevu islet to Sri Lanka by not moving court against the Centre’s decision "The key reason behind the arrest of Indian fishermen (from Tamil Nadu) by the Lankan navy is the ceding of Katchatheevu to Sri Lanka Karunanidhi remained silent then without taking any action" she said while addressing an election rally here The Chief Minister was canvassing votes for 14 of her party nominees from the four districts of Viruthunagar Sivaganga Ramanathapuram and Thoothukudi Katchatheevu an islet on Palk Bay was ceded to Sri Lanka by India by way of two agreements in 1974 and 1976 It has since remained a flash point between Indo-Lanka relations with Indian fishermen facing Lankan navy action including firing for alleged violation of the International Maritime Boundary Line (IMBL) Jayalalithaa said that in an earlier case India’s move to cede Perubari in West Bengal to then East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) was stopped following the Supreme Court’s observation that such a move could not happen without getting the nod of the two houses of Parliament besides required constitutional amendments Tamil Nadu Chief Minister J Jayalithaa PTI Karunanidhi could have used this precedence to stop the ceding of Katchatheevu Jayalalithaa said "Why didn’t he do so Only he has to answer By doing so (not moving the court) he had betrayed Tamil Nadu and its fishermen I strongly state that Karunanidhi was a party in ceding of Katchatheevu" she charged Jayalalithaa said she had always accorded priority to this issue and pressed the Centre since 1991 when she first became Chief Minister for retrieval of the islet She said she had even proposed taking it on "lease in perpetuity" As the Centre did not act on her pleas she moved the apex court in 2008 in the capacity of AIADMK General Secretary seeking retrieval of Katchatheevu she recalled She said that if Karunanidhi was really concerned about fishermen he should have supported her and filed an affidavit on behalf of his government then Not only did he not support her but also wanted to wait till the Centre filed its response she said adding he did not exert pressure on the UPA government in which DMK was a key member to act in Tamil Nadu’s favour She dubbed as "drama" his filing a case in the Supreme Court later seeking retrieval of Katchatheevu Jayalalithaa said she favoured talks to resolve the issue and that fishermen should benefit from the case she had filed in the SC Therefore three rounds of talks had been held between representatives of fishermen from the two countrieswhere many steps had been proposed including stopping attacks on Indian fishermen Though no final decision had been arrived at talks will continue she said "Further katchatheevu will be retrieved with SC order and the traditional fishing rights of Indian fishermen will be restored" she said She also took potshots at Karunanidhi for his party promising to retrieve Katchatheevu in its latest election manifesto saying he had once remarked that fishermen went to Kathcatheevu "out of greed" Jayalalithaa also chided Karunanidhi for promising prohibition in Tamil Nadu if voted to power saying he had relaxed the dry law in 1971 which was in vogue for long She reiterated her promise to implement prohibition in a phased manner in the state Written by Neha Kulkarni | Mumbai | Updated: February 10 2017 11:37 am Related News Several corporate firms in Mumbai are likely to keep flexible office timings on February 21 polling day for the BMC elections so as to ensure a larger voter turnout Mumbai First a city-based think tank is in talks with 10-15 corporate houses and business groups in the city to let their employees go out and vote “Up to 10-15 corporate groups in Mumbai have registered on our site and agreed to implement this model in their offices to promote voting on election day The aim remains to ensure that the city at least crosses a 60 per cent mark in voting for the coming elections It will also be to target the working urban middle class and facilitate voting from their end to the largest extent” said Shishir Joshi CEO Mumbai First Watch What Else is Making News The move also calls for forming inter-departmental teams with respective team leaders who can motivate their members to come out and vote A few corporate groups in the city including MCX stock exchange Vodafone and Mahindra and Mahindra have agreed to implement the model in their office circles During the last elections in 2012 the voter turnout was only 45 per cent “We have agreed to ensure time flexibilities on the voting day to ensure maximum participation in voting We are yet to decide on how the formation of teams will be and this may take another week It is a personal effort taken so that enough voting for elections is ensured” said a spokesperson for Vodafone “Data from the last four elections shows that every time elections are held in Mumbai less than 45 per cent of registered voters have exercised their franchise The process would need to commence in the present pre-polling time when leaders should remind their members about making or keeping their voter cards readyThrough this they can expect more members from their respective teams to go out to vote Encouraging voting through posting videos on social media about their efforts will also be an aim” said Joshi As an incentive nominees of the winning teams would be invited to engage in a round table on Mumbai’s challenges and solutions The winning team organisation or individuals will also get the opportunity to present a white paper on solutions for a better Mumbai in the BMC elections “War Room” “The people’s committee in our office will be finding out the eligible voters in our office from next weekWe have also appointed volunteers who have taken it upon themselves to market the concept of voting” said Mrugank Paranjape spokesperson of MCX “Anything that contributes to a larger voter share on February 21 is appreciated Through such initiatives our aim remains to guarantee 100 per cent voting on the election day” said J S Saharia state election commissioner For all the latest Mumbai News download Indian Express App More Related NewsWritten by Chandan Shantaram Haygunde | Updated: August 30 2016 4:45 pm File photo of Kannada scholar M M Kalburgi (Source: PTI) Top News The murder of Kannada scholar M M Kalburgi had take place in Dharwad Karnataka on August 30 last year but it has had strong reverberations in Pune and Kolhapur in Maharashtra The reason is the striking similarities the Kalburgi murder had with those of noted anti-superstition activist Narendra Dabholkar in Pune and veteran communist leader Govind Pansare in Kolhapur Two unidentified persons had shot Dabholkar dead at 720 am on August 20 2013 while he was on a morning walk on the bridge near Omkareshwar temple in Pune Similarly two unidentified persons had opened fire on Pansare and his wife Uma while the couple was returning home from morning walk on February 16 2015 Pansare had died while undergoing treatment at a hospital on February 20 Uma had received a bullet injury and has survived Kalburgi was shot dead on the morning of August 30 2015 at approximately 840 am at his residence in Dharwad The families of Dabholkar Pansare and Kalburgi have come together demanding justice and stern action against the extremist Hindutva groups who were allegedly involved in all three cases including the Sanatan Sanstha whose followers have been arrested in connection with the murders of Dabholkar and Pansare Hamid son of Narendra Dabholkar said “We are in Dharwad now to participate in a silent march to condemn the killing of Kalburgi It is sad that three intellectuals were murdered in the span of two years with a similar modus operandi and still their assailants have not been arrested” Without naming Sanatan Sanstha Hamid said “Even after the murders there are certain groups who are running a campaign to spread hatred about Dabholkar Pansare and Kalburgi When will the government take strong steps against such organizations Is the government waiting for more murders” In July Dabholkar’s Maharashtra Andhshraddha Nirmulan Samiti (MANS –the Committee for Eradication of Superstition) launched a nationwide awareness campaign to protest against “government apathy” in apprehending the killers of Dabholkar Pansare and Kalburgi Besides the Maharashtra Basav Parishad and Vachan Academy organized a state level conference in Nigdi to spread his thoughts All three — Kalburgi Dabholkar and Pansare — had taken a strong stand against superstition and radical Hindutva forces Activists strongly believe there is a link between the three murders During programmes organized on the occasion of third death anniversary of Dabholkar on August 20 activists from various organizations held posters carrying images of all three Investigation agencies have been probing the alleged role of Sanatan Sanstha in the murders including the Kalburgi case On June 10 this year the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) arrested Sanatan Sanstha seeker Dr Virendra Tawade in Dabholkar murder case The special investigation team (SIT) probing the Pansare murder case had arrested Sanatan Sanstha seeker Sameer Gaikwad on December 14 2015 The SIT has received permission from the court to take Tawade into custody to find out if he was involved in Pansare’s murder Considering the similarities between three murders CBI believes that Tawade’s role in Kalburgi’s murder case cannot be ruled out Sanatan Sanstha spokesperson Abhay Vartak had stated in a press release that attempts would be made to arrest its “innocent” seekers in Kalburgi murder case For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App IE Online Media Services Pvt Ltd More Top NewsBy: Express Web Desk | Updated: September 12 2017 6:26 pm Real Madrid’s Gareth Bale during training (Source: Reuters) Related News Gareth Bale said on Tuesday that he could celebrate a goal against his former club Tottenham but it mostly depends on how he feels that day In an interview to Dailymail Bale said “I scored against Spurs in a pre-season game a couple of years ago and I didn’t really celebrate then I suppose it depends on how you feel on the day If it’s a 91st-minute winner can you control yourself That’s the question” “I was in a meeting when the draw was made and my phone was going off constantly and I thought ‘something’s happened I remember playing against Real Madrid when I was still at Tottenham and ‘Crouchy’ [Peter Crouch] being sent off after only 15 minutes and that killed the game for us” said the Real Madrid striker The Welsh player added “All my friends are still Tottenham fans That is their team in the Premier League and I will certainly have a lot of ticket requests” The European champions have drawn alongside the Spurs Borussia Dortmund and APOEL in Group H but will have to wait until next month for their meeting with the Premier League side Zinedine Zidane’s side are in contention of winning the Champions League title for the third year in a row For all the latest Sports News download Indian Express App IE Online Media Services Pvt Ltd More Related NewsBy: Express Web Desk | New Delhi | Updated: March 27 2017 11:25 am Phillauri box office collection day 3: Phillauri is Anushka Sharma’s second home production after NH10 Top News Phillauri starring Anushka Sharma and Diljit Dosanjh has collected Rs 1525 crore Trade Analyst Taran Adarsh tweeted “#Phillauri Fri 402 cr Sat 520 cr Sun 603 cr Total: 1525 cr India biz” Taran also shared “#Phillauri witnessed constant growth over the weekend… Performance in North India was the best due to Diljit Dosanjh’s star power” Meanwhile Badrinath Ki Dulhania is expected to have a lifetime collection of Rs 115 crore Taran shared ” #BadrinathKiDulhania is STEADY… Looking at 115 cr [+/-] lifetime biz… [Week 3] Fri 135 cr Total: 10209 cr India biz Phillauri is Anushka’s second home production after NH10 Anushka is in fact one of few female actors in the industry to turn a producer The actor recently said in an interview that she doesn’t take her success seriously “I am very sure that if I had become too aware of my stardom it would’ve been a very difficult process for me I am a simple person I’ve never thought that I am special and have believed everyone is just doing their job” she says “I believe if I start taking myself too seriously that ‘I am an actor’ it will affect my creativity Once ego enters your creativity it destroys you Stardom gives you a false sense of self These are transitory things this will eventually go away” Anushka told PTI #Phillauri Fri 402 cr Sat 520 cr Sun 603 cr Total: 1525 cr India biz — taran adarsh (@taran_adarsh) March 27 2017 #Phillauri witnessed constant growth over the weekend… Performance in North India was the best due to Diljit Dosanjh’s star power… — taran adarsh (@taran_adarsh) March 27 2017 Also Read:Taapsee Pannu: Taking centre stage inNaam Shabana having actors likeAkshay Kumar and ManojBajpayee Anushka will complete a decade in Bollywood next year a journey which she says started as her being restless before eventually enjoying her job “I was restless in the initial phase of my career because I never planned on becoming an actress If you had you would mentally be prepared for what is to come your way” she said to PTI For all the latest Entertainment News download Indian Express App IE Online Media Services Pvt Ltd More Top NewsNew Delhi: The Congress on Wednesday termed as "coldblooded murder" the killing of five farmers in police firing in Madhya Pradesh and questioned the prime minister’s silence over it The Congress accused the BJP for "acting as a curse of death for Indian farmers" and slammed it for disallowing party vice-president Rahul Gandhi from meeting the families of the victims Buses torched by the agitating farmers on Bhopal-Indore highway in Dewas district on Wednesday PTI AICC spokesperson Abhishek Singhvi said it was insulting and unfortunate that the BJP-led NDA government was in denial mode over the firing and accused it of spreading rumours and canards over who fuelled the farmers’ protest "The BJP has almost been acting like a curse of death for Indian farmers literally not figuratively Distressed farmers are viewed by heartless BJP virtually as fodder for opening fire upon" Singhvi said adding that on the one hand the farmers are toiling while on the other the BJP is killing or opening fire upon the "sons of the soil" He said the agitating farmers were seeking loan waivers and right prices for them "but the BJP killed them with bullets and that is the sad reality of Mandsaur in BJP-ruled Madhya Pradesh" "We want to ask the prime minister Why has the prime minister yet 24 hours or 36 hours after the tragedy —not said a word about the terrible tragedy in Mandsaur Despite much ‘hoopla’ about starting ‘Kisan DD Channel’ prime minister – did this kisanchannel show this Mandsaur incident" he said The Congress leader also accused the BJP of having forgotten its promises made in its manifesto ahead of the 2014 general election that it would provide 50 percent more than the cost inputs to farmers "You (prime minister and BJP) have forgotten the word ‘agriculture’ in your craze for anti-Congress culture That is the only culture you remember The ‘NAMO Policy’ apparently stands for ‘NAMO’ – ‘No Agriculture Mal-Governance Only’" he said Singhvi also said "This coldblooded murder attempt and murder of farmers on Tuesday come from the same state which has become famous for Vyapam which affected 77 lakh lives and led to over 50 deaths in that scam" he said The Congress leader said what was insulting and sad was the complete denial by the Madhya Pradesh government which initially said that there was no firing but later admitted it He also hit out at the BJP for denying permission to people who wanted to go and express solidarity with the bereaved farmers including Gandhi Singhvi said Gandhi was denied permission and instead canards and rumours were spread He said to add salt to injuries of farmers the central government has released a two-page advertisement about farmers and what the government has done for them He said the farmers have been killed not only by bullets "but they have been lynched and shamed by pages upon pages of lies published in government advertisements This is one of the most pitiable situations" The Congress also released a booklet of facts about farmers’ plight and the number of suicides taking place in the country The physical "maltreatment" of farmers in Mandsaur he said is a complete abdication of promises including written promises in the BJP manifesto He said the government is not looking at their demands and is turning a deaf ear instead and is not giving a healing touch "On top of that it is throttling their voice It is preventing communication" he said adding that demonetisation has hit the farmers the most as it reduced their incomes by 50 percent "They were forced to destroy the produce in their fields and throw them on the roads" he said while referring to the farm agitation in Maharashtra which has seen the maximum suicides by farmers Editor’s note: It’s ironic that 70 years after India became an Independent country and a democracy the invocation of aazadi evokes bitter conflicts Whether it is on university campuses or in the midst of the conflict in the Kashmir Valley – both calling for aazadi and challenging that call as anti-national arouses mighty passions Bycomparison swaraj is hardly ever invoked in the public discourse It almost seems like a historical artefact a fragment of fading memories of the Freedom Struggle This is the seventh part of a series titledSwaraj at 70that seeks to take a closer look at this dichotomy Had Vijay Mahajan not marched to the beat of a different drum today he might have been the head of a global multi-national company Instead the 63-year-old chose to put both his IIT and IIM degrees to work in solving the problems of rural India PRADAN an NGO Mahajan co-founded in the mid-1970s created mechanisms for young professionals to work at the grassroots level to promote livelihoods for the poor In 1996 he founded the Basix Social Enterprise Group which has served three million poor households through microfinance and livelihood promotion services Firstpost spoke to Mahajan who has been a member of the Government of India’s Committee on Financial Sector Reforms and on the C Rangarajan Committee on Financial Inclusion After retiring from Basix earlier this year Mahajan is now reflecting and writing on how to build an ‘Economy of Nurturance’ Edited excerpts follow: What does Swaraj mean for you in today’s India For those of us who are familiar with Gandhiji’sbook ‘Hind Swaraj’ it is hard to talk about Swaraj without that influence in the forefront Even if one can’t live by that lofty standard the standard remains So to whatever extent I’m able to practise it first and foremost Swaraj means an individual jihad – using here the original meaning of jihad as a fight within yourself for the triumph or raj of your finer humane qualities over your baser instincts Secondly in its more common usage Swaraj still means independence autonomy so that ‘raj’ is a process of collective self-governance How are we doing in this respect in India today These attributes of Swaraj militate against the dominant idea of the 20th century – that it is the responsibility of the state to provide for the welfare of its citizens We’ve got some welfare in the process but the state has acquired over-weaning powers In addition traditional as well as new elites have benefited enormously from the state As an example of the former see who was in the Civil Services till about the 1980s – mostly young men from upper castes with English medium education There were of course some exceptions but they werefew As an example of how new elites benefited take the IT industry as an example which has been built on resources provided or funded by the government – land at throwaway prices talent from publicly funded colleges and a 20-year tax holiday As it earned much needed foreign exchange for India the industry was supported well beyond the early stage when it deserved that support The amount of over three lakh crore rupees that the Government of India has given to the IT industry as a tax break and subsidy could as well have upgraded the entire vocational training system for the nation and created skilled workers by the millions at the base of the pyramid not just at the top In a fractured polity which has benefited at most 10 percent of the population self-reliance and autonomy for the bulk of the people is still a dream So what would change this reality We must acknowledge that the current economic model can’t even reach the third quartile let alone the desperately poor in the lowest fourth quartile of the per capita income distribution We need a new more inclusive model of development This means recognising that people who are 30 years or older who constituted 406 percent of the population in 2011 find it difficult to change either their geography or their occupation Most of those in that big bulge of our population those younger than 30 years don’t want to be in agriculture but lack the skills for the urban sector Even the informal sector cannot absorb all the people in this category The recent NSS (National Sample Survey) data shows that about 11 crore people work in the informal non-farm sector in about 63 crore enterprises All of the above is the consequence of a massive macroeconomic investment deficit To most people this means lamenting the lack of investment in modern infrastructure and that is an issue But my focus is more on thefundamental factors of natural resources such as soil water forests grazing lands; and human resources such as childhood nutrition secondary education and vocational skills Addressing these two deficits requires about five percent of the GDP (about Rs four lakh crore) to be invested annually in these sectors but we are not even allocating a fraction of that amount Meanwhile the drain of resources by the "law and order" sector and subsidies of all kinds to agriculture – most of which flow to the big farmers – continues to grow From IIM to grassroots NGO work and then micro-finance what has this journey taught you about the challenges of realising Swaraj as a greater individual sense of agency and responsibility My whole working life has been an attempt to take lofty ideals and try to bring them into action on the ground and then living with the pain of seeing their flawed implementation For example when I worked at the grassroots on a range of people’s empowerment projects I realised that access to capital is the core element of poverty alleviation even for the smallest endeavour in the economic ladder So in PRADAN an NGO promoting livelihoods of rural poor communities we thought we will provide technical assistance and organising support while banks will provide loans to the poor This worked well as small-scale pilot projects but did not work on any substantial scale So I left the NGO sector and founded a microfinance company that did succeed in creating this scale Over twenty years this whole sector grew and today over Rs 12 trillion go into micro-finance every year This is a huge success which has altered people’s lives by giving them a greater sense of their own problem-solving abilities But microfinance has gone very far from what it was originally intended to be – it got subverted by the incentive systems of investors to MFIs (microfinance institutions) and from MFIs to their employees who then moved away from prudent practices in order to grow their client base and the number of loans disbursed But the ultimate subversion was that the system then incentivised many borrowers to take more than they could viably repay While borrowing they were happy But when the time came for repayment many of them were in difficulty and some were driven towards extreme measures This became a classic example of what happens if you seek to focus on the sustainability of the MFI rather than its original purpose which was to help poor people build livelihoods Did the flaws in the expansion of microfinance teach you that this experience undermines the very idea of Swaraj as command over one’s self No all it meant was that the sector required better regulation including self-regulation We took several steps towards this – by establishing MFIN (Micro Finance Institutions Network) as a self-regulatory organisation recognised by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) as well by putting all microfinance borrowers’ names in credit information bureaus and imposing the requirement of a compulsory credit check before an MFI can lend RBI Guidelines as well the MFIN code-of-conduct since 2012 bar any MFI from giving a third loan to a borrower who has two outstanding loans already So Swaraj is setting in though it is not yet perfect In fact I don’t think the system can ever be perfect We are imperfect beings capable of enhancement Once upon a time people thought it was impossible for humans to fly but it became possible The whole purpose the telos of society is to enable individuals and institutions to rise to the next level of proximity to perfection I can’t believe that something as complex and beautiful as human existence is doomed to poor performance or chaos In the immediate context what gives you hope in this respect Many people look at the down side The welfare state has undermined initiatives and fostered an entitlement mentality The perverse effect of the 73rd amendment is that local governance got politicised on party lines So Panchayats have become the lowest rung of elective democracy rather than a form of local self-governance But on the positive side a million people have got elected one-third of them women and have served a public office in their community and have allocated budgets spent funds and achieved some improvements Likewise in the 85 lakh Self-Help Groups (SHG) of about 10 crore women which together have disbursed loans of over Rs 24 trillion in 20 years at least a crore women have played a leadership role at their SHG village federation of SHGs or cluster/block/district level federations Even in urban areas resident welfare associations are now increasingly active and demanding services and accountability from municipalities and utility companies So I am enthused by the can-do spirit at many levels of society This extends from thousands of social enterprises trying to address issues all the way from school teaching quality improvement to widening access to emergency care for the poor to rights based campaigns like Right to Information the National Rural Employment Guarantee the Right to Education and the struggles to save the environment These do foster a collective sense of agency even though the ‘collective’ is being redefined Are these positive trends significant enough to make a difference to the society as a whole Not unless we create alternative narratives which don’t hark back to the dreams of the 1950s or even earlier The 21st-century version of Swaraj has to be dynamic and this cannot be done without a balance between the lifestyle aspirations of the majority and conservation of the environment and natural resources Technology can help such as solar for energy and IT plus telecom for minimising movement for small transactions But technology must be made a tool of human progress rather than a means of control and hegemony People as consumers must find mechanisms of organising to exert a counter-veiling power that checks corporate power The fourth sector now is the consumer sector just as the citizen sector is the third Are you saying that the sense of Swaraj now depends more on people-as-consumers rather than as citizens If so why Well the abiding reality is that a vast majority of human beings are aspiring for a higher lifestyle And this is highly justified for those living at the fourth quartile at the base of the pyramid and perhaps even for those in the next or third quartile But thereafter we need to establish voluntary curbs on aspirations and consumption Interestingly this is what was the ancient wisdom of India and this is what Gandhiji said in Hind Swaraj that if we see progress as material progress and not inner spiritual progress Swaraj will have no meaning So yes consumers should organise to curb corporate power just as citizens organise to curb untrammelled state power But that is perhaps valid for the consumers at the lower end of purchasing power Those at the top can become a self-regulatory organisation to educate members about voluntary curbs on aspirations and consumption You are now focusing on an ‘economy of nurturance’ What does this mean and how do you see the concept being put into action I began writing a monograph which now looks like it might become a book on – Building and Economy of Nurturance (BEN) – inspired by Elaben Bhatt It was only in the 20th century that the economic worldview became so dominant that we now speak of ‘the economy’ as if it exists independent of the society or of the polity To restore the balance this book begins with a critique of the current economic worldview and its negative impact on the social and political system and then makes suggestions for corrective action which though mainly aimed at the economic framework also promote social and political improvements The term we use for the alternative economic worldview is the "economy of nurturance"?a special court granted him immunity from prosecution in the 2001 drug case here today. California, Love that time in life.a clash took place between the students and police in which two policemen of Shibpur police station were injured. has taken a blow.

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