17 May 2011 Simon trailed France’s Gwladys Nocera by one shot heading into the third and final round after rounds of 66 and 67 had left her on 11-under-par. Nocera had led by two shots from Simon, fellow South African Stacey Lee Bregman and Australian Sarah Kemp after the first round. ‘I just had to play my own game’Interviewed by the Ladies European Tour (LET) afterwards, Simon said: “The conditions were very difficult this morning, a lot of wind, and I knew I just had to play my own game. She sank four birdies and carded one bogey over the outward nine and followed that up with a further four birdies, as well as two bogeys, over the inward nine to end with an astonishing eight birdies over the last 18 holes. Birdie spreeNeeding to make up only one shot in the final round, Simon responded with a birdie spree, littered with the occasional bogey, to pull comfortably clear. Reflecting on her second LET title, Simon said: “It’s basically exactly four years ago since I had won. I was 18 at the time, very young, and I’ve been working hard for about a year-and-a-half now, so it feels very rewarding.” South African golfer Ashleigh Simon closed with a superb five-under-par 67 in tough, windy conditions to win the ISPS Handa Portugal Ladies Open by three shots at CampoReal Resort and Spa near Lisbon on Sunday. Young South African Connie Chen, aged just 18, was a victim of the difficult conditions on the last day, tumbling to a six-over 78, to finish tied for 38th on five-over-par 221. With rounds of 66, 67 and 67, Simon finished on 16-under-par 200. Nocera posted rounds of 64, 68, and 71 to claim second on 13-under 203. It was the second professional victory of the 22-year-old’s career. Her first came in only her third tournament as a pro at the 2007 Catalonia Ladies Masters in Spain. “I was six ahead with three to play and I dropped at 16 and Gwladys birdied so all of a sudden it [the lead] went to four [shots], but then, after the birdie on 17 and the drive down 18, I knew that it [the title] was mine.” ‘I putted well’She pinpointed her short game as the reason for her success, saying: “I think my short game really saved me. I putted well and when I had to make the up-and-downs I did.” “I started off with a birdie, which is always a good thing, and I just played really solidly throughout the day and kept steady and wasn’t really watching leaderboards or worrying what Gwladys (Nocera) was doing. Simon also said she felt comfortable throughout the event because the conditions were similar to those back home in South Africa. It was a spectacular effort in testing conditions, a fact which was underlined by the fact that Nocera and Bregman’s 71s, four shots worse off than Simon, were the second best rounds of the final day, during which many players ballooned to well over par. For Nocera, the final round went awry from the start with successive bogeys, but she fought back well to finish under-par for the day. Bregman sixthStacey Lee Bregman was let down by a 73 in the second round, but bookended that effort with solid rounds of 66 and 71 to finish in sixth place along with England’s Georgina Simpson on six-under-par 210. Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo material Christel Boeljon of the Netherlands, who recently won the Turkish Airlines Ladies Open, finished third, seven shots behind Simon on nine-under-par 207.
Alex is founder of BuildingGreen, Inc. and executive editor of Environmental Building News. In 2012 he founded the Resilient Design Institute. To keep up with Alex’s latest articles and musings, you can sign up for his Twitter feed. Unity Homes launchedBensonwood built a number of houses using this approach and has now launched a new company, Unity Homes, to scale up production and drive costs down through manufacturing efficiency, supply chain development, and continued building systems innovation. Tedd thinks they can eventually roll out more than 100 houses per year from their Walpole facility, and if all goes well, production facilities could be built in other parts of the country with the help of investment capital he’s seeking.“I have long believed that the average American home should have a much higher standard of build quality, durability, and energy performance,” Tedd told me. “In that regard, home building has long been under-performing compared to other industries. In fact, homes have been considered by some to be the most deficient and defect ridden product consumers buy,” he said.Tedd believes that we can do better, arguing that homes are important both for the quality of life they deliver and for helping us achieve environmental sustainability. “They should be leading the way in product quality to provide people with uncompromised energy efficiency and long term security,” he says. “It’s our mission to prove that point with Unity Homes.”In next week’s blog, I’ll get into some of the innovative details and features of Unity Homes — including the impressive per-square-foot pricing they’ve been able to achieve. A few weeks ago I spent a half day with my good friend Tedd Benson learning about his new company Unity Homes. This Walpole, New Hampshire company is on the cutting edge of home building today, with its focus on energy performance, building science, green building, and (relative) affordability.This week I’ll describe some of Tedd’s work that led to the creation of Unity Homes, and next week I’ll go into more detail about this new company and the state-of-the-art green homes that he and his team are cranking out. What’s Different About Unity Homes?Unity Homes Combines Prefab with Energy EfficiencyBensonwood Is Reinventing the HouseThese Superinsulated Homes Were Delivered By TruckA LEED Platinum Modular HomeReinventing the HouseNudging Passive House Concepts into the MainstreamHow to Protect Structural Insulated Panels from DecayEducation Center Wins 2013 Net-Zero PrizeBensonwood HomesDesign for DisassemblyQ&A: Thoughts on the Bensonwood OBPlusWall? Their work with old timber frames — fixing up old ones in the New England homes they renovated and in building their own shop — fueled an interest in this durable and beautiful building system, which was used by our ancestors in Colonial America. Tedd evolved his business to specialize in timber framing, and in 1979 he wrote Building the Timber Frame House: The Revival of a Forgotten Craft, which became the bible of the emerging timber framing movement.A few years later Tedd and a handful of timber framers in the region launched the Timber Framer’s Guild, providing a forum to share ideas and have fun doing it. (I can attest that the early gatherings of the Timber Framers Guild were indeed incredibly fun, and I look forward to returning to their annual conferences later this year — many years after my last participation in the event.)Tedd’s company, renamed Bensonwood, became a leading builder of beautiful custom timber frames, ultimately producing frames for high-end homes and commercial buildings in 49 states. Here’s our listing of the company from our GreenSpec database.One of the largest frames that the company ever built is The Vermont Building on Putney Road in our town of Brattleboro, where one can see their handiwork using massive Douglas fir timbers. RELATED ARTICLES The timber frame revival of the 1970sFor those not familiar with Tedd, he is responsible — more than anyone — for the emergence of the modern timber framing movement some four decades ago. In 1973, initially to save money, Tedd and his brother Steve used timbers salvaged from old barns to build a workshop in Alstead, New Hampshire for the fledgling Benson Woodworking Company that they had launched a year earlier. (Steve died tragically in a car accident in 1974, and Tedd and his wife Christine continued the business.) A shift to lower-cost homesBut Tedd had growing frustration building houses only for the wealthy. He wanted a building system that would reach more of Middle America. In 1991 the company began the long-term process of standardizing home designs and using computer-assisted design (CAD) software to optimize designs.Influenced by Steward Brand, Dutch architect John Habraken, and others, in 1994 Tedd developed the Open-Built platform that allowed easy modification of structures as needs change (a key argument presented in Brand’s book, How Buildings Learn). Design elements of Open-Built included a baseboard raceway that provided access for electrical and data wiring and an accessible ceiling system that could be used for recessed lights, wiring, plumbing, and ducts for heating and ventilation.This work led to a longstanding research collaboration with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), the Open Prototype Initiative, to develop affordable, flexible, high-performance houses. While Tedd had done some of the earliest work with stress-skin panels (a.k.a. SIPs) for enclosing timber frames (working with Winter Panel Corporation in Brattleboro — now Vantem Panels), he eventually shifted away from foam-plastic insulation with his building system.In 2010 in this blog I wrote about Bensonwood’s OBPlusWall system, which is a cellulose-insulated panelized wall and roof system. With this system, Bensonwood achieved an extremely tight, R-35 wall system. A frequent traveler to Europe, Tedd adapted leading technologies and materials from Sweden, Switzerland, Austria, Germany, and elsewhere for this building system.One of their European technologies that made possible Bensonwood’s building system has been an automated, precision cutting system made by the German company Hundegger. This is referred to as a CNC (computer numerical controlled) machine. Cut lists produced by Bensonwood’s CAD software are transmitted to the Hundegger, and the pieces are cut at precise angles with dogged consistency and accuracy finer than the increments on standard measuring tapes.
Sign up for a free trial and get instant access to this article as well as GBA’s complete library of premium articles and construction details. Houses need fresh air. Without ventilation, the quality of indoor air can rapidly become worse than that of the outside air; that holds true even in urban areas. Common contaminants include gases, odors, and moisture, and these can stem from utility rooms, garages, basements, bathrooms, and kitchens.Until recently, fresh air entered a typical house through various openings, whether intentional (a fan or open window) or unintentional (holes and leaks around windows, rim joists, door jambs, and sheathing penetrations). Over the last few decades, however, houses have become tighter, and the unintentional flow of air through the building envelope has been reduced. Once a house reaches about five air changes per hour (ACH), it’s important to start thinking about using mechanical ventilation to ensure indoor-air quality.In regions with moderate to significant heating and/or cooling loads, HRVs and ERVs are the most efficient means of mechanical ventilation. Depending on the efficiency of the heat exchanger, it can transfer anywhere from 50% to 91% of the conditioned air’s heat and energy to the supply air.Homeowner satisfaction with a recovery ventilator will depend on the answers to three questions: Does it keep the air temperature comfortable? Is it cheap to operate? Is it excessively noisy? Does it keep the air temperature comfortable? Comfort speaks to a unit’s thermal efficiency. Thermal efficiency is the recovery ventilator’s ability to transfer the temperature of the outgoing air to the incoming air. When a unit transfers a high percentage of the heat or cold to the incoming air, the fresh air can be diffused directly into the living space without creating cold drafts in the winter and warm eddies of air in the summer.To compare the effects of efficiency on indoor-air temperature, let’s say the indoor temperature… This article is only available to GBA Prime Members Start Free Trial Already a member? Log in
The Shepard Tone creates the illusion of continuously swelling sound, which can build tension or suspense. Find out how it works in this breakdown.Cover via Warner Bros.The Shepard Tone. If you’ve never heard of this term, I can almost guarantee you’ve heard the tone itself. The term refers to an auditory illusion of a sound that continually ascends (or descends) in pitch.The tone is a sound that comprises multiple sine waves separated by an octave and layered on top of each other. In essence, there is a high-pitched tone, a middle-pitched tone, and a low-pitched tone that all rise in pitch until they loop back to the start. By the end of the track, the highest-pitched tone has become quiet, the middle-pitched tone stays loud, and the low-pitched tone has become louder. Because you can always hear two tones rising in pitch, your brain skips the loop and believes the tone is infinitely ascending.Image via Vox.In Vsauce’s video below, he explains another way to think about how the Shepard Tone works. Think of the three tones working in alternating roles. For example, the highest-pitched tone will drop down an octave and become the lowest-pitched tone, but since we can still hear the other two tones rise, we think the sound is ascending infinitely.In recent years, one of the most famous uses of the Shepard Tone was Batman’s Bat-Pod in The Dark Knight (see 4:46)Richard King, the sound designer behind The Dark Knight, said that “Chris [Nolan] had the idea that it should never shift, that it should keep ascending in pitch like an unstoppable force, we had an idea to use a concept called The Shepard Tone.” The team later captured the sounds from electric race cars and Tesla models to find the base pitch to create the Bat-Pod’s Shepard Tone.Creating TensionThe sound illusion is ideal for film and game sound effects, but what about using the concept to create tension in a movie score? Christopher Nolan demonstrates this in the recently released action thriller Dunkirk, and thankfully we have a video essay breaking down the technique. Surprisingly, the video essay was produced by Vox, an organization that usually produces videos on news and international subjects. The top commenter has playfully said, “Not sure if I’m watching Vox or Nerdwriter1” because the essay is as well-produced as many other film theorists’ works on YouTube. The video breaks down how composer Hans Zimmer has incorporated the Shepard Tone into the score, which creates an everlasting sense of tension throughout the film.In an interview with Business Insider, Nolan said the following:There’s an audio illusion, if you will, in music called a ‘Shepard tone’ and with my composer David Julyan on The Prestige we explored that, and based a lot of the score around that. It’s an illusion where there’s a continuing ascension of tone. It’s a corkscrew effect. It’s always going up and up and up, but it never goes outside of its range … And I wrote the [Dunkirk] script according to that principle. I interwove the three timelines in such a way that there’s a continual feeling of intensity. Increasing intensity. I wanted to build the music on similar mathematical principals. So there’s a fusion of music and sound effects and picture that we’ve never been able to achieve before.Nolan has certainly mastered several cinematic techniques (such as nonlinear storytelling), and I think it would be a safe bet to add The Shepard Tone to that list.What are your thoughts on the Shepard Tone? Let us know in the comments.If you need a Shepard Tone for your next project, you can always find one in the PremiumBeat SFX library.
Virat Kohli has been facing the ire of cricket fans after the India captain walked out for the toss wearing shorts during the second day of their only warm-up match in Sydney.After the first day’s play against Cricket Australia XI was washed out, the match began on Thursday with the hosts’ skipper Sam Whiteman winning the toss.Kohli had strode to the middle, sporting a casual look while Whiteman and the toss representative were all dressed in formal attire.Kohli’s gesture did not go down with social media users, even as one of them pointed out how Sunil Gavaskar had slammed Pakistan opener Fakhar Zaman for not wearing his cap properly at Asia Cup earlier this [email protected] #Thuglife ????Bharath (@iam_Bharath_R) November 28, 2018Disrespectful act by @imVkohli wearing shorts during [email protected] (@KhalidTantray2) November 29, 2018Disgraceful and disrespectful… There was time captains used to wear Blazers during toss…. This behavior is absolutely unpardonable….Prakash (@Prakash1049) November 28, 2018This @imVkohli bad attitude is showing no any respect for game and their legacy why @bcci @icc @accessonline n other cricket members think about this. Where is #sunilgavaskar who taunted in #Aisacup to Pakistaniplayer for their cap??? What @imVkohli is showingyhr store (@YhrStore) November 28, 2018Kohli should hv been in a long Kurta for the toss..with shorts. Imagine!movieman (@movieman777) November 29, 2018No matter @imVkohli is the new age best batsman, he still needs 2 give proper respect to cricket atleast for the sake of opposition team by being respectfully dress up in trousers n ur nations cap, else legacy he will leave behind will be harmful !! @vikrantgupta73 @MadanLal1983advertisementVG (@VeeG48) November 29, 2018Disrespect full.jaddu’s warriors (@jadduswarrior) November 28, 2018Meanwhile, India made the most of good batting conditions on the second day at the Sydney Cricket Ground and posted 358 on the board.Opening batsman KL Rahul, who is in a desperate position to seal the opening spot amidst a three-way battle with Murali Vijay and Prithvi Shaw, failed to get going as he was dismissed for three in the sixth over of the Indian innings on Thursday.Also read: KL Rahul not young anymore, should be more responsible, says Sanjay BangarIf early signs are anything to go by, Shaw is expected to light up the upcoming four-Test series. The batting sensation, who scored a century on Test debut, hit 11 boundaries during his whirlwind knock – 69-ball 66 in the morning session.Shaw stitched an 80-run stand with Cheteshwar Pujara after which India’s middle-order made merry.Captain Virat Kohli joined Pujara at the middle after Shaw’s departure and he carried on from where he left in the final T20I by scoring an 87-ball 64.Also read | Khawaja will pip Kohli and Australia will beat India in Tests: Ricky PontingHowever, his fluent innings was cut short by a 19-year-old from Bournemouth in Dorset – Aaron Mark Hardie.The Australian teenager – a right arm medium pace bowler – would go on to pick three more wickets which included Rohit Sharma’s scalp. And he would finish with figures of 4 for 50 – by far the best for CA XI as the Indians lost their last five wickets for 11 runs.Hardie was the man who triggered that collapse. He ensured India did not get to bat more than 92 overs in their first innings – a commendable effort against the world’s No.1 Test team.This is not the first time Hardie got rid of big guns. He will be in the limelight after dismissing Kohli and Rohit but the pacer sure knows a thing or two about bowling to premier batsmen.In 2017, Hardie had dismissed Joe Root against England in a warm-up match.Also read | Virat Kohli falls to Australian teenager who had also dismissed Joe RootAlso see: